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There is a raft of new regulations pertaining to schools and education in Indonesia. I do not intend to go into the politics of why or how, rather that they are now signed into law and that schools must comply. (despite the number of people who think that a bribe or work around will suffice, as they have in the past most schools are finding many aspects of these new regulations challenging)

For instance, one of the most obvious changes is that word ‘International’ is no longer permitted, as of Dec 1st 2014, for any school in Indonesia. Jakarta International School and British International School are two of the biggest, or most high profile schools, and they have already changed their names to Jakarta Intercultural School and British School, Jakarta. 

In the past many schools identified as National Plus schools, actually National Plus was never a legal designation and these types of schools were either National or after 2009 become International.

The new regulations allow three types of schools in Indonesia.

Embassy Schools: eg: Jakarta Japanese School or Pakistan International School. As far as I understand it, these schools may not teach Indonesian students, and are limited to students of that particular nationality only. (Hence the reason that JIS chose not to become an embassy school, despite having had 3 or 4 founding embassies.

National Schools: Schools such as SMA56 or Sekolah Cikal may be national but may still use an international curriculum, such as Cambridge, however, they must also follow the 2013 Curriculum (or the 2006 Curriculum, but that’s another political story). However, the big implication for these schools is that they will no longer be allowed to hire any expatriates. (Though, I have recently been told, though cannot confirm, a national school is allowed to hire up to 4 expatriates.)

Satu Pendidikan Kerjasama or SPK Schools: This new class of schools sort of translates to Joint Cooperation School. I personally suspect that the officials that came up with this name were thinking of a franchise school, such as Dulwich College have around Asia or a subsidiary institution such as Monash University have. However, I cannot confirm this theory.

Most of the former International and many National Plus schools have chosen or intend to chose this status. As SPK schools may hire expats (within a certain ratio, less than 70%) and may chose their own curriculum to follow, such as IB, AP or CIE) SPK schools are also must allow Indonesian students to enrol if they wish, they must provide Bahasa Indonesian and cultural lessons for expat students, religious or agama lessons, civics lessons to Indonesian students. These Indonesian students must also sit for their Ujian Nasional Examinations.

Ujian Nasional

The history of laws and regulation related to Implementation of  Ujian Nasional are explained in the following regulations.
—  Law Number 20 Year 2003 on National Education System (State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Year 2003 Number 78, Supplement to State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 4301);
—  Government Regulation Number 19 Year 2005 on National Education Standards (State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia).
—  Government Regulation No. 17 Year 2010 on the Management and operation of education (State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia)
—  Permen 31 Tahun 2014
—  Permen 36 Tahun 2014
—  Perment 45 Tahun 2014

Steps to Register for UN

The summary of these guidelines explain that every Indonesian student must sit for the Ujian Nasional Examinations or UN from 2016 but all SPK schools must offer Ujian Nasional to the students from this year; however, the Ujian Nasional is optional for this year. (and it appears that Minister Anies, the new Education Minister wants to make the UN non-compulsory and used for benchmarking and educational feedback only.
Registration process is very simple for Ujian National which goes as follow:
—  Send a request letter Request Letter to NISN & NSPN Divisions
—  Provide Izin operational  –
—  Provide Student Data
—  Authorise one  Data Operator
—  Identify who will update information, data and evidence in www.sdm.data.kemdikbud.go.in
—  Update Data in www.un.sdm.data.kemdikbud.go.in
—  Provide Examination request material
—  Provide Conduct of Examination

Some copies of the relevant laws and regulations (both in English and Bahasa Indonesia) for download

SPK Juknis Dikdas No105-2015

SPK Juknis DikMen No 1941-2014

Regulation 31 final (English Translation)

S-Dirjen Penyampaian Juknis SPK Dikdas

Indonesian Law Digest (Good article and summary, in English)

SPK Paparan Permendikbud 31-2014

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